About 60,000 transient ischemic attacks (TIA) are diagnosed in France each year. A quarter of strokes are preceded by a TIA and could therefore be avoided.
Weakness on one side of the body, paralysis of the face, difficulty speaking, loss of sight in one eye. So many signs suggesting a possible transient ischemic attack (TIA). A kind of “mini stroke» of short duration, but which can later degenerate into a CVA (cerebrovascular accident). It is to accommodate more quickly and more effectively the victims of a recent TIA that a dedicated clinic opened its doors within the CHU of Bordeaux this Monday, November 7th.
“TIA is a warning signal to be taken very seriously, even if the symptoms have regressed“, specifies to the Figaro Doctor Pauline Renou, in charge of this new clinic, adjoining the Neuro-Vascular Unit (UNV) of Bordeaux University Hospital. This practitioner is behind a survey carried out in 2019 among 1,100 general practitioners in the Bordeaux metropolitan area. The findings revealed that around 20 to 30 TIAs are diagnosed every day in metropolitan France.
“Among all these patients who had a TIA and were seen by their doctors, only 20% came to the emergency room for their care.», Regrets Doctor Pauline Renou. Fearing a long wait in the emergency room and sometimes no longer showing symptoms after only a few minutes, these people are however exposed to significant risks of then suffering a stroke. “One in four stroke patients had had a TIA in the previous weeks“recalls the practitioner.
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Manage TIA to prevent stroke
“TIA is an emergency because it announces a stroke that could occur within hours, weeks or days“says Pauline Renou. “Whereas if this AIT is taken care of urgently, examinations, cerebral MRI, biological assessment and electrocardiogram are carried out, and drug treatment is put in place to thin the blood, we avoid the occurrence of stroke in 80% of cases“.
With this new AIT clinic, you no longer need to go to the emergency room. All you have to do is inform your general practitioner, cardiologist, SOS Médecins or 15. The latter will take care of notifying the CHU of the patient’s arrival. The clinic is committed to rapid care and to performing a brain MRI within two hours.
All categories of the population, regardless of age or gender, are affected by the risk of a TIA. However, the most affected population remains those aged over 50, presenting vascular risk factors: hypertension, diabetes, cholesterol, tobacco, obesity, cardiac arrhythmia or coagulation problems.