What are the signs of prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer represents 25% of male cancers, its incidence increases with age. In most cases, it does not give symptoms.

Prostate cancer remains the most common in men with approximately 50,000 new cases per year, nearly 8,000 people die from it each year. Most of the time, this cancer advances masked, it is asymptomatic and does not give any symptoms. Generally, this cancer is diagnosed during a check-up or during a PSA assay.

When it progresses, this cancer can cause mechanical symptoms related to the compression of the urethra when the prostate increases in volume. The Institut Curie lists the symptoms to be taken seriously: frequent and/or urgent need to urinate, difficulty urinating (need to push, difficult to start or stop urination, weak or interrupted urine stream) , a feeling of not having completely emptied the bladder after urinating, burning or pain when urinating, or the presence of blood in the urine or semen.

Bone fractures

The disease can manifest itself with other signs such as sexual disorders (erection dysfunctions, painful ejaculations). “If the tumor spreads, pain in the bones (back, pelvis, legs) may occur, as well as fatigue and weight loss“, underlines the Institut Curie. The diagnosis of prostate cancer is confirmed by a histological analysis of the prostate gland by biopsies. As the ARC foundation for cancer research specifies, only metastatic cancers cause bone pain, bone fractures, weight loss and/or fatigue.

Once the diagnosis has been made, the treatments are put in place in consultation with the medical team: “The treatment is started from the outset and it differs from one person to another, using the following therapeutic means associated according to the type of cancer: surgery, radiotherapy, hormone therapy and possibly chemotherapy“, details Ameli Health.

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